Instantiate your connector

What kind of Connector should I use?

Procrastinate currently provides 5 connectors:

Two async connector:

  • PsycopgConnector: Asynchronous connector based on psycopg v3.

  • AiopgConnector: Asynchronous connector based on aiopg.

Three sync connectors, that may only be used for deferring jobs.

  • SyncPsycopgConnector: Synchronous connector based on psycopg v3.

  • Psycopg2Connector: Synchronous connector based on psycop2.

  • SQLAlchemyPsycopg2Connector: This connector is specialized for SQLAlchemy applications. It should be used if you want to use SQLAlchemy to manage your database connection and share your connection pool with the rest of your app. It should only be used for deferring jobs, not for running them.


More details on sync connectors can be found in the Control the way synchronous calls to defer are handled section.

In order to use Procrastinate, you will need an asynchronous connector, even if your application is synchronous. In most cases, the asynchronous connectors should be able to run in both asynchronous and synchronous contexts, but the synchronous connector can only be used in synchronous contexts.

There are 2 main things you will do with a connector: defer jobs, and run the worker. The worker can only be run with an asynchronous connector, but you can defer jobs with either asynchronous and synchronous connectors.

How to instantiate a connector?

There are three ways you can specify the connection parameters:


You can use libpq environment variables (with PGPASSWORD or pgpass file):

$ export  # Either export the variables in your shell
$ PGPORT=5433 python -m myapp  # Or define the variables just for your process

and then define:

import procrastinate
app = procrastinate.App(connector=procrastinate.PsycopgConnector())

Data Source Name (DSN)

You can use libpq connection string:

import procrastinate
app = procrastinate.App(

Connection arguments

You can use other psycopg connection arguments:

import procrastinate
        "dbname": "dbname",
        "user": "user",
        "password": "password",
        "host": "host",

Note that the specifics of the arguments depend on the connector you are using. Please refer to the documentation of the connector you are using for more details.

Other arguments

Apart from connection parameters, the PsycopgConnector can handle all the parameters from the psycopg_pool.AsyncConnectionPool() function.

Similarly, the SyncPsycopgConnector can handle all the parameters from the psycopg_pool.ConnectionPool() function.

Custom connection pool

It’s possible to use custom connection pool with PsycopgConnector. It accepts pool_factory keyword argument. You can pass any callable that returns psycopg_pool.AsyncConnectionPool instance:

import procrastinate
import psycopg_pool
app = procrastinate.App(

In this case, AsyncNullConnectionPool receives conninfo keyword argument and creates null connection pool (which effectively disables pooling). This is useful when you use PgBouncer or some other external pooler in order to resolve pooling outside of your application.